SAN MARTÍN DE VALDEIGLESIAS
Bodegas y Viñedos ValleYglesias is located in San Martín de Valdeiglesias, a village in the Community of Madrid, in the western foothills of the Sierra de Gredos. On the provincial border between Ávila and Toledo, 60 kilometers from the Capital of Spain, Madrid.
Granitic soils with degraded sands on the surface. Low PH acid soils that transfer these characteristics to the wines.
THE SIERRA DE GREDOS AND ITS INFLUENCE
The Sierra de Gredos is a mountain range with significant elevations. San Martín de Valdeiglesias lies in the foothills of this range, which means that its altitude affects local climatic conditions. Areas at higher altitudes tend to have lower temperatures.
INCREASED CLIMATE VARIABILITY
Mountain areas tend to experience greater climatic variability, with abrupt changes in weather conditions. In San Martín de Valdeiglesias, this translates into rapid changes in temperature and the possibility of more intense and variable rainfall.
INFLUENCE ON PRECIPITATION
The Sierra de Gredos acts as a natural barrier that affects the distribution of rainfall. In general, mountain areas tend to receive more rainfall than areas at lower altitudes. This provides a greater amount of rainfall in San Martín de Valdeiglesias compared to regions further away from the sierra.
INFLUENCE ON THE VEGETATION
The altitude and climatic conditions of the Sierra de Gredos also affect the surrounding vegetation. San Martín de Valdeiglesias has vegetation more characteristic of mountainous areas, with forests of conifers, chestnut trees, oaks and vegetation adapted to cooler climates.
Granitic soil provides good drainage, which is beneficial for vines. Proper drainage prevents waterlogging of the soil, which is crucial for vine root development. Good drainage also contributes to a proper water balance, which is crucial for the quality of the grapes.
Granite is an igneous rock composed mainly of quartz, feldspar and mica. The decomposition of granite over time contributes minerals to the soil, such as potassium, magnesium and other elements. These minerals have a decisive influence on the flavour profile of the wine and contribute to its complexity.
Granite produces slightly acidic soils. The acidity of the soil affects the pH of the grapes, which influences the acidity profile of the wine. This higher acidity can be desirable, especially in grape varieties that benefit from a more pronounced acidity.
CHARACTER OF THE TERROIR
Wines produced on granitic soils exhibit specific characteristics associated with this type of soil such as minerality and salinity, these characteristics bring distinction and uniqueness to their wines.
Early ripening. Small, very compact, cylindrical cluster. The wines they produce usually have a certain alcohol content, which gives them a special complexity. High aromatic level. Floral and fruity aromas (citrus, apricot).
Late ripening. The Garnacha vines are upright and have medium-sized conical clusters, normally compact. Aromas of red fruits (strawberries, cherries, blackberries).
MOSCATEL DE GRANO MENUDO
The Moscatel de Grano Menudo is considered one of the oldest grape varieties that still exist. A grape variety that tends to produce low yields. Its name comes from the characteristic small size of the berry and its tight clusters.
VILLAGE, PLOT AND SINGLE VINEYARD WINES
At Bodega ValleYglesias we classify the wines taking into account the characteristics of their vineyard of origin based on the age of the vines, orientation, type of soil and its particular microclimate.
In this way each wine will authentically reflect the place where the grapes were grown.